Role of mandibular anatomical structures on sexual dimorphism in Turkish population: a radiomorphometrics CBCT study
Keywords:sexual dimorphism, mandible, CBCT, forensic dentistry, forensic odontology
Sex determination is one of the primary concerns of forensic sciences. Cranial bones, pelvis and mandible have been used for determining the sex of the specimen. Since mandible is robust and sexually dimorphic, studies were able to evaluate its metric and morphological traits.
This study was designed as a retrospective study involving CBCT images to assess sexual dimorphism of mandible in Turkish population. Total sample group consisted of 176 (71 males, 102 females, aged between 19-67) bimaxillary CBCT scans. Sixteen mandibular parameters were measured by using two different software. Measurements were performed on different planes and 3D reconstructions of the scans.
All parameters, besides SIMaCD, were found statistically significant. The highest diagnostic accuracy rate was associated with IMaF and overall accuracy rate of sixteen parameters was found 82%.